Consolidated Toledo Drill - 
		Drill, Taps, and Specialty Tools

Consolidated Toledo Drill

America´s Finest High Speed Cutting Tools™

Common Tap Issues

Work–Piece All Applications
• What are the Size & Depth of the hole ?
• Will it be a through or Blind hole ?
• Is the Hole Drilled to the Correct size ?
• Is the Work–piece rigidly held against rotation & upward movement ?
• If tapping a Bottom-hole, does drilled depth allow for Chamfer teeth of tap & sufficient clearance to keep tap from bottoming out in hole ?
• What is the Material & Hardness of the work–piece ?

Tapping All Applications
• Do you have the Correct Tap Design for the application ?
• What are the Tap Sizes & Styles ?
• What Material is the Tap made from ?
• Is the Tap Sharp ?
• Is the Tap Properly Aligned with the Drilled Hole ?
• Is there Sufficient Clearance between the Tap and the hole to allow for retraction ?
• Who is Tap manufacturer?
• What Speed do they recommend for Optimum Performance of their Tap in this material ?

Problems encountered in tapping are often the fault of the tapping machine, tap holding device and conditions of the hole to be tapped. The tapping machine should be checked for spindle, fixture and work alignment; for slipping belts, wear and power.

Tap holding device should be checked as to correct type, for wear and alignment with the hole.

Drilled Hole — should be checked for diameter and trueness in round and axis to assure correct percentage of thread engagement. Blind holes must have sufficient chip room at the bottom.

1. If Holes are " Undersize or oversize " check against the setup instructions. Check the Tap for correct Pitch Diameter limit for desired " Class of thread ", and the " Drill for correct size ".

2. If the Tap is " Producing rough thread " it Generally means the Tap is Pushing or Tearing the Metal instead of cutting it. The Tap may be Dull, have Galled Threads or may be running at too Slow a Speed. If none of these, Increase the Hook Angle of the Cutting Face.

3. If the Tap is " Loading ( metal clinging to the tap ) or Galling " check the lubrication. Here too, the Tap may be Dull, or it may be Producing too High a Percentage of Thread. Shift to a Surface-treated Tap.

4. If "Tap breakage" is encountered the tap may be cutting to high a percentage of thread, be Insufficiently lubricated or have too Little Clearance for chips at the bottom of the Blind Hole.

If none of these conditions exist, Increase the Speed, except in Hard or Tough Materials In these Materials, Lower the Speed.

Possible Cause:
• Dull Tap   • Drilled Hole Too Shallow
• Hole Work Hardened   • Incorrect Tapping Drill Size
• Incorrect Fixture or Holding Device
• Insufficient or Incorrect Lubricant
• Lack of Lubricant, or Use of Wrong Type
• Misalignment of Tap & Hole
• Tapping Speed Too High   • Tap Incorrectly Ground
• Tap Drill too Small   • Tap Hits Bottom of Hole
• Machine or Tapping Device Faulty
• Work Hardened Material
• Wrong Tap Selection

• Increase Chamfer Length   • Reduce tapping speed
• Use Spiral Pointed Taps in through Holes   • Increase Chamfer Length

1. Drill Point Off–Center   2. Machine Spindle Not Rigid or Not Running True   3. Work Piece Loose and/or Vibrating

• Repoint Accurately or Replace with Properly Pointed Drill • Repair If Possible; Consider Use Of Bushing • Tighten & Hold Securely

Possible Cause:
• Tap Cutting Too Tightly. Cutting Face Angle should be Increased.
• Tap Galling. Face Angle on Back Of Land should be Increased.
• Chips Wedged Between Flutes.

1. Coolant Not Reaching Drill Point or Insufficient or Incorrect Coolant   2. Speed Too High and/or Feed Too Low   3. Wrong type of point and/or drill for application

• Correct & Adjust • Review & Adjust • Review Requirements & Conditions

Possible Cause:
• Wrong Type of Tap   • Insufficient Chamfer
• Incorrect Cutting Face Angle   • Rough Flutes
• Lack of Lubrication, or Use of Wrong Type
• Flutes Improperly Reground

Possible Cause:
• Misalignment   • Careless Handling
• Dull Tap   • Tap too Hard
• Wrong Application of Surface Treated Taps
• Improper Sharpening of Tap

Possible Cause:
• Incorrect Cutting Face Angle ( Usually too Small )   • Tap Drill to Small
• Chips Clogging Flutes   • Broken Threads on Taps
• Improper Resharpening of Tap
• Lack of Lubricant, or Use of Wrong Type

• Resharpen or Replace   • Reduce Speed
• Use Larger Drill   • Use Metal Lubricant

Possible Cause:
• Tap Drill too Small   • Tap Lands too Wide
• Incorrect Cutting Face Angle
• Lack of Lubricant, or Use of Wrong Type
• Surface Treatment (Lubricant) required

Possible Cause:
• Blunt or Incorrectly Sharpened Tap
• Hole Work Hardened
• Insufficient or Incorrect Lubricant
• Material is Abrasive, or Inclusions Present. Surface treated tap required
• Misalignment   • Tapping Speed too High
• Wrong tap selection

• Increase Chamfer Length   • Reduce Tapping Speed
• Ensure Adequate Lubricant   • Use Larger Drill

Possible Cause:
• Incorrect Cutting Face Angle
• Surface Treatment Required

Possible Cause:
• Excessive Land Width   • Lack of Lubricant, or Use of Wrong Type
• Dull tap   • Excessive Tapping Speeds
• Excessive Flank Contact, Pitch Diameter Relief Required

Possible Cause:
• Chips/ Swarf Not Being Cleared Properly   • Dull Tap
• Incorrect Feed Rate   • Insufficient number of Chamfered Threads
• Incorrect Face Angle, Usually too Small
• Insufficient or Incorrect Lubricant
• Misalignment of Tap   Work Piece
• Pitch Diameter Relief Required
• Tap Drill Too Small   • Tapping Device or Machine Faulty

• Pitch Diameter Relief Required
• Point Size On Tap too Small
• Dull Tap   • Incorrect Cutting Face Angle
• Incorrect Tapping Speed
• Lack Of Lubricant, or Use Of Wrong Type
• Incorrect or Inadequate Equipment
• Misalignment